Idaho Q4, 2019 Employment Statistics

  • 65,292 employers, down 0.6% from 65,695
  • 761,509 employees, up 3.1% from 739,124
  • $918 average weekly wage, up 3.1% from $890
  • The average weekly wage is 22.5% below the national average
  • The cost of living is 7.7% below the national average

Employer & Employee Growth

In the last year, the number of employers in the state declined by 403, which is a decrease of 0.6%. The number of employees in Idaho increased by 22,385, an increase of 3.1%. During this same period, the average weekly wage increased by $28, an increase of 3.1%.

The number of private employers decreased since last years' Q1. The number of private businesses declined by 447 or 0.7%. Growth in private businesses in Idaho grew slower than the national average of 2.5%. The number of employees in these businesses increased since last years' Q1, increasing by 20,984 or 3.4%. The growth in employees of private businesses in Idaho was faster than the national average of 1.2%.

The average weekly wage of employees of private businesses increased since last years' Q1. The averge weekly wage increased by $27 or 3.0%. Growth in average weekly wage of employees of private businesses in Idaho grew slower than the national average of 3.8%.


Leading Sectors

Businesses by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Construction with 13.0% of the businesses in the state. The number of businesses in this sector declined by 0.7%. Professional services (11.8%), which decreased by 2.6% and Healthcare (11.6%), which increased by 4.3%, round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Business Change %
SectorChange Biz% Change
Healthcare3114.3%
Educational services253.0%
Wholesale trade350.9%
Information80.6%
Finance and insurance190.5%
Accommodation and food services50.1%
Construction-57-0.7%
Real estate and rental-23-0.9%
Retail trade-55-0.9%
Company management-4-1.0%
Utilities-3-1.2%
Waste services-49-1.3%
Transport and warehousing-45-2.1%
Professional services-204-2.6%
Arts and entertainment-28-2.6%
Agriculture and forestry-88-3.7%
Manufacturing-116-4.1%
Other services-192-4.7%
Mining and oil extraction-12-6.2%


Employees by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Healthcare with 13.0% of the employees in the state, had an increase in employees of 5.3% in the last year. Retail trade (11.6%), increased by 0.7% and Accommodation and food services (9.1%), increased by 4.3%, round out the top 3 sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Employee Change %
SectorEmployee Change% Change
Construction3,6737.6%
Educational services5517.2%
Transport and warehousing1,2305.7%
Real estate and rental4545.5%
Healthcare4,9785.3%
Professional services1,8314.7%
Accommodation and food services2,8534.3%
Company management2693.9%
Wholesale trade1,0953.7%
Arts and entertainment4173.7%
Other services6693.5%
Waste services1,3402.9%
Finance and insurance5462.2%
Information1491.7%
Agriculture and forestry2561.0%
Retail trade5690.7%
Manufacturing1220.2%
Utilities-10-0.3%
Mining and oil extraction-26-1.1%


Average Weekly Wage by Sector

The sector that pays their employees the highest is Company management paying $1,902per week compared with the state average of $923. Weekly wages in this sector rose by $118 or 6.6%. Utilities ($1,556), rose by $11 or 0.7% and Manufacturing ($1,468) declined by $64 or 4.2% round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Weekly Wage Change %
SectorWage ChangeChange %
Other services$609.4%
Finance and insurance$1169.4%
Real estate and rental$738.9%
Information$757.1%
Educational services$536.9%
Company management$1186.6%
Professional services$816.0%
Waste services$385.5%
Construction$505.3%
Wholesale trade$594.8%
Mining and oil extraction$614.6%
Transport and warehousing$293.5%
Accommodation and food services$113.4%
Agriculture and forestry$273.4%
Retail trade$203.3%
Healthcare$232.7%
Arts and entertainment$102.5%
Utilities$110.7%
Manufacturing$-64-4.2%


Leading Industries

Businesses by Industry

Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Idaho. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places with 4.5% of the businesses in the state (with 2,944 employing 54,563 workers). The Restaurants and other eating places industry had 7 more businesses, an increase of 0.2% in the last year. Home health care services (3.2% of businesses) added 97 businesses, an increase of 4.9% and Residential building construction (3.0% of businesses) had 45 fewer businesses, a decline of 2.3% round out the 3 industries with the most businesses.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change %
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Monetary authorities - central bank8266.7%
Urethane and other foam product manufacturing2200.0%
Reinsurance carriers5100.0%
Commodity contracts dealing5100.0%
News syndicates375.0%
Services for the elderly and disabled16456.6%
Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing150.0%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change #
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Services for the elderly and disabled16456.6%
Home health care services974.9%
Electronic shopping and mail-order houses6523.6%
Framing contractors309.6%
Credit unions2915.0%
Insurance agencies and brokerages232.5%
Gasoline stations with convenience stores234.0%


Employees by Industry

Home health care services (3.2% of employees) added 97 employees, an increase of 4.9% and Residential building construction (3.0% ofemployees) had 45 fewer employees, a decline of 2.3% round out the 3 industries with the most employees.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change %
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
Monetary authorities - central bank11366.7%
Metal valve manufacturing35235.1%
Health and welfare funds9182.2%
Other performing arts companies21149.8%
Pesticide and other ag. chemical mfg.4113.9%
Financial transaction processing and clearing83101.7%
Power and communication system construction45691.1%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change #
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
Restaurants and other eating places2,1264.1%
Offices of physicians1,1129.4%
Home health care services8539.1%
Residential building construction77211.8%
Supermarkets and other grocery stores7666.2%
Couriers and express delivery services62722.3%
Services for the elderly and disabled62110.6%


Average Weekly Wage by Industry

The industry that pays their employees the most is Semiconductor and electronic component mfg., paying $3,937 compared with the state average of $923. The Semiconductor and electronic component mfg. industry paid their employees $527 less per week, a decline of 11.8% in the last year. Mortgage and nonmortgage loan brokers ($2,932) and Credit bureaus ($2,780) round out the top 3 industries. Employees in the Mortgage and nonmortgage loan brokers ($2,932 per week) were paid $679 more per week, an increase of 30.1% and Credit bureaus ($2,780 per week) were paid $607 more per week, an increase of 27.9% round out the 3 industries that pay their employees the most.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change %
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Machine shops$1,668184.1%
Snack food manufacturing$870115.1%
Sound recording studios$59898.0%
Animal food manufacturing$91678.0%
Other warehousing and storage$76277.4%
Toy and hobby goods merchant wholesalers$52373.1%
Monetary authorities - central bank$52348.7%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change $
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Machine shops$1,668184.1%
Animal food manufacturing$91678.0%
Snack food manufacturing$870115.1%
Consumer electronics and appliances rental$86047.1%
Other warehousing and storage$76277.4%
Mortgage and nonmortgage loan brokers$67930.1%
Meat and meat product merchant wholesalers$67436.6%


Company Size

Idaho Businesses by Size

The solopreneur company, has the most businesses in Idaho by far. 65.1% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 61,503 small businesses in the state represent 96.9% of all private businesses. The national average is 91.2%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) Idaho added 4,790 businesses in the last year, an increase of 8.2% as compared to the national average of 3.0%.

Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 4,708 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 8.3% as compared to the national average of 3.1%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. These mid-sized businesses added 84 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 4.6% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. These large businesses declined 2 businesses in the last year, which is a decrease of 3.1% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.



Idaho Employees by Business Size

Idaho added 57,130 employees in the last year, an increase of 10.4% as compared to the national average of 5.2%. Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 37,880 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 160.4% as compared to the national average of 4.2%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. Mid-sized businesses added 22,323 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 11.8% as compared to the national average of 4.7%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. Large businesses lost 3,073 employees in the last year, which is a decrease of 4.4% as compared to the national average of 9.2%.

Idaho Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size

Idaho workers in every size business are paid less than the national average. The smallest companies in Idaho (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 14.3% less than the national average ($879 per week as compared to the national average of $1,005 per week). The largest companies in Idaho (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 31.4% workers below the national average ($1,456 per week as compared to the national average of $1,913 per week).

Average weekly wages in small businesses added $75 per week in the last year, which is an increase of 2.6% as compared to the national average of 3.1%. Employees of mid-sized businesses added $102 in wages per week in the last year, which is an increase of 4.2% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Employees of large businesses lost $3 of weekly wages in the last year, which is a decrease of 0.1% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.

Top Industries for Business and Employment

The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by number of businesses:

Table: Top 10 Industries by # of Businesses
Industry# Businesses% Change
Restaurants and other eating places2,9440.2%
Home health care services2,0654.9%
Residential building construction1,944-2.3%
Computer systems design and related services1,628-5.1%
Offices of physicians1,125-0.4%
Management consulting services1,118-5.7%
Accounting and bookkeeping services1,0600.0%
Offices of real estate agents and brokers9991.0%
Insurance agencies and brokerages9472.5%
Landscaping services8640.2%


The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by number of employees:

Table: Top 10 Industries by # of Employees
Industry# Employees% Change
Restaurants and other eating places54,5634.1%
General medical and surgical hospitals22,070-3.2%
General merchandise stores including warehouse clubs and supercenters13,1941.4%
Supermarkets and other grocery stores13,0586.2%
Offices of physicians12,9399.4%
Home health care services10,1989.1%
Temporary help services9,636-2.5%
Hotels and motels except casino hotels9,0904.6%
Telephone call centers8,9076.6%
Semiconductor and electronic component mfg.8,718-7.4%


The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by highest wages:

Table: Top 10 Industries by Weekly Wage
IndustryWkly Wages% Change
Semiconductor and electronic component mfg.$3,937-11.8%
Mortgage and nonmortgage loan brokers$2,93230.1%
Credit bureaus$2,78027.9%
Investment banking and securities dealing$2,7492.0%
Consumer electronics and appliances rental$2,68547.1%
Securities brokerage$2,673-5.6%
Other financial vehicles$2,601-8.3%
Machine shops$2,574184.1%
Photographic equip. merchant wholesalers$2,546-23.6%
Food crops grown under cover$2,5380.0%




Data Sources




About the Writer

This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.