Maine Q4, 2019 Employment Statistics

  • 54,209 employers, up 1.9% from 53,194
  • 623,141 employees, up 0.6% from 619,261
  • $955 average weekly wage, up 5.3% from $907
  • The average weekly wage is 19.4% below the national average
  • The cost of living is 17.5% above the national average

Employer & Employee Growth

In the last year, the number of employers in the state increased by 1,015, which is an increase of 1.9%. The number of employees in Maine increased by 3,880, an increase of 0.6%. During this same period, the average weekly wage increased by $48, an increase of 5.3%.

The number of private employers increased since last years' Q1. The number of private businesses increased by 972 or 1.9%. Growth in private businesses in Maine grew slower than the national average of 2.5%. The number of employees in these businesses increased since last years' Q1, increasing by 3,121 or 0.6%. The growth in employees of private businesses in Maine was slower than the national average of 1.2%.

The average weekly wage of employees of private businesses increased since last years' Q1. The averge weekly wage increased by $48 or 5.3%. Growth in average weekly wage of employees of private businesses in Maine grew faster than the national average of 3.8%.


Leading Sectors

Businesses by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Retail trade with 11.1% of the businesses in the state. The number of businesses in this sector increased by 0.0%. Professional services (10.9%), which increased by 0.5% and Construction (10.2%), which increased by 1.2%, round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Business Change %
SectorChange Biz% Change
Company management21329.8%
Agriculture and forestry554.1%
Arts and entertainment364.1%
Healthcare901.9%
Finance and insurance301.5%
Educational services91.4%
Real estate and rental221.3%
Construction671.2%
Accommodation and food services350.8%
Information40.5%
Professional services300.5%
Transport and warehousing60.4%
Retail trade00.0%
Manufacturing-8-0.4%
Waste services-34-1.0%
Wholesale trade-58-1.8%
Utilities-2-1.9%
Other services-75-2.0%
Mining and oil extraction-3-7.9%


Employees by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Healthcare with 17.0% of the employees in the state, had an increase in employees of 0.8% in the last year. Retail trade (13.0%), decreased by 1.2% and Accommodation and food services (9.0%), increased by 0.7%, round out the top 3 sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Employee Change %
SectorEmployee Change% Change
Company management9868.8%
Professional services9203.4%
Utilities493.1%
Construction7862.7%
Agriculture and forestry1582.1%
Real estate and rental1412.0%
Manufacturing1,0061.9%
Finance and insurance3751.6%
Educational services1180.9%
Healthcare8080.8%
Accommodation and food services3530.7%
Wholesale trade1010.5%
Transport and warehousing560.3%
Arts and entertainment-56-0.7%
Retail trade-979-1.2%
Other services-349-2.0%
Information-219-3.0%
Mining and oil extraction-11-4.5%
Waste services-1,862-6.0%


Average Weekly Wage by Sector

The sector that pays their employees the highest is Utilities paying $1,829per week compared with the state average of $949. Weekly wages in this sector rose by $92 or 5.3%. Professional services ($1,613), rose by $114 or 7.6% and Company management ($1,588) increased by $73 or 4.8% round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Weekly Wage Change %
SectorWage ChangeChange %
Mining and oil extraction$908.3%
Arts and entertainment$458.1%
Professional services$1147.6%
Information$777.2%
Construction$727.0%
Accommodation and food services$266.0%
Waste services$415.7%
Utilities$925.3%
Other services$355.1%
Finance and insurance$725.0%
Company management$734.8%
Healthcare$464.8%
Retail trade$254.3%
Manufacturing$413.8%
Educational services$283.2%
Wholesale trade$413.1%
Real estate and rental$232.5%
Transport and warehousing$151.8%
Agriculture and forestry$80.9%


Leading Industries

Businesses by Industry

Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Maine. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places with 5.3% of the businesses in the state (with 2,875 employing 41,673 workers). The Restaurants and other eating places industry had 2 more businesses, an increase of 0.1% in the last year. Residential building construction (2.8% of businesses) added 28 businesses, an increase of 1.9% and Computer systems design and related services (2.7% of businesses) added 16 businesses, an increase of 1.1% round out the 3 industries with the most businesses.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change %
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Food crops grown under cover3992.9%
Piece goods merchant wholesalers375.0%
Other support activities for transportation457.1%
Pharmacies and drug stores9437.8%
Tire manufacturing133.3%
Hvac and commercial refrigeration equipment233.3%
Religious organizations233.3%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change #
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Management of companies and enterprises21329.8%
Pharmacies and drug stores9437.8%
Food crops grown under cover3992.9%
Landscaping services384.3%
Residential developmental disability homes339.0%
Residential building construction281.9%
Software publishers2217.9%


Employees by Industry

Residential building construction (2.8% of employees) added 28 employees, an increase of 1.9% and Computer systems design and related services (2.7% ofemployees) added 16 employees, an increase of 1.1% round out the 3 industries with the most employees.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change %
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
Support activities for rail transportation12121.1%
Printing and writing paper merch. whls.34113.5%
Tire manufacturing2081.6%
Refrigeration equip. merchant wholesalers952.2%
Food crops grown under cover22251.0%
Software publishers9644.1%
Other support activities for transportation4642.1%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change #
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
Management of companies and enterprises9868.8%
Ship and boat building73410.5%
Residential developmental disability homes66514.8%
Research and development in the physical engineering and life sciences37319.1%
Child day care services3287.0%
Other individual and family services32111.1%
Plumbing and hvac contractors2826.6%


Average Weekly Wage by Industry

The industry that pays their employees the most is Portfolio management, paying $5,410 compared with the state average of $949. The Portfolio management industry paid their employees $572 less per week, a decline of 9.6% in the last year. Investment banking and securities dealing ($4,161) and Securities brokerage ($3,537) round out the top 3 industries. Employees in the Investment banking and securities dealing ($4,161 per week) were paid $270 more per week, an increase of 6.9% and Securities brokerage ($3,537 per week) were paid $345 more per week, an increase of 10.8% round out the 3 industries that pay their employees the most.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change %
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Other direct selling establishments$31966.6%
Political organizations$41850.9%
Amusement and theme parks$28045.5%
Oil and gas pipeline construction$47641.9%
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing$61240.5%
Support activities for forestry$43340.4%
Other nondepository credit intermediation$60639.9%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change $
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing$61240.5%
Other nondepository credit intermediation$60639.9%
Oil and gas pipeline construction$47641.9%
Support activities for forestry$43340.4%
Political organizations$41850.9%
Architectural services$36121.4%
Computer and software merchant wholesalers$35615.5%


Company Size

Maine Businesses by Size

The solopreneur company, has the most businesses in Maine by far. 64.3% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 49,433 small businesses in the state represent 96.8% of all private businesses. The national average is 91.2%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) Maine added 955 businesses in the last year, an increase of 1.9% as compared to the national average of 3.0%.

Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 929 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 1.9% as compared to the national average of 3.1%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. These mid-sized businesses added 25 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 1.6% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. These large businesses added 1 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 1.9% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.



Maine Employees by Business Size

Maine added 19,142 employees in the last year, an increase of 4.0% as compared to the national average of 5.2%. Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 8,885 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 21.9% as compared to the national average of 4.2%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. Mid-sized businesses added 6,006 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 3.6% as compared to the national average of 4.7%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. Large businesses added 4,251 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 7.4% as compared to the national average of 9.2%.

Maine Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size

Maine workers in every size business are paid less than the national average. The smallest companies in Maine (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 4.5% less than the national average ($962 per week as compared to the national average of $1,005 per week). The largest companies in Maine (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 22.3% workers below the national average ($1,564 per week as compared to the national average of $1,913 per week).

Average weekly wages in small businesses added $144 per week in the last year, which is an increase of 4.6% as compared to the national average of 3.1%. Employees of mid-sized businesses added $69 in wages per week in the last year, which is an increase of 2.5% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Employees of large businesses added $50 of weekly wages in the last year, which is an increase of 1.8% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.

Top Industries for Business and Employment

The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by number of businesses:

Table: Top 10 Industries by # of Businesses
Industry# Businesses% Change
Restaurants and other eating places2,8750.1%
Residential building construction1,5281.9%
Computer systems design and related services1,4561.1%
Management of companies and enterprises92829.8%
Landscaping services9244.3%
Management consulting services9242.3%
Private households740-9.2%
Plumbing and hvac contractors691-0.4%
Automotive mechanical and electrical repair679-1.0%
Wholesale trade agents and brokers664-9.2%


The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by number of employees:

Table: Top 10 Industries by # of Employees
Industry# Employees% Change
Restaurants and other eating places41,6730.6%
General medical and surgical hospitals31,382-0.8%
Supermarkets and other grocery stores15,6750.0%
Management of companies and enterprises12,1218.8%
Offices of physicians10,7200.7%
Services for the elderly and disabled9,599-0.7%
General merchandise stores including warehouse clubs and supercenters8,692-2.7%
Hotels and motels except casino hotels8,4861.5%
Nursing care facilities skilled nursing8,370-0.4%
Ship and boat building7,75610.5%


The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by highest wages:

Table: Top 10 Industries by Weekly Wage
IndustryWkly Wages% Change
Portfolio management$5,410-9.6%
Investment banking and securities dealing$4,1616.9%
Securities brokerage$3,53710.8%
Computer and software merchant wholesalers$2,65215.5%
Investment advice$2,5847.2%
Appliance and electronics merchant whls.$2,4952.4%
Software publishers$2,45916.4%
Medical equipment merchant wholesalers$2,440-23.6%
Piece goods merchant wholesalers$2,1401.7%
Other nondepository credit intermediation$2,12539.9%




Data Sources




About the Writer

This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.