Michigan Q2, 2019 Employment Statistics

  • 261,907 employers, up 6.2% from 246,534
  • 4,380,857 employees, up 0.4% from 4,361,535
  • $1,018 average weekly wage, up 2.4% from $994
  • The average weekly wage is 7.0% below the national average
  • The cost of living is 11.1% below the national average

Employer & Employee Growth

In the last year, the number of employers in the state increased by 15,373, which is an increase of 6.2%. The number of employees in Michigan increased by 19,322, an increase of 0.4%. During this same period, the average weekly wage increased by $24, an increase of 2.4%.

The number of private employers increased since last years' Q1. The number of private businesses increased by 15,314 or 6.4%. Growth in private businesses in Michigan grew faster than the national average of 2.9%. The number of employees in these businesses increased since last years' Q1, increasing by 14,672 or 0.4%. The growth in employees of private businesses in Michigan was slower than the national average of 1.4%.

The average weekly wage of employees of private businesses increased since last years' Q1. The averge weekly wage increased by $25 or 2.5%. Growth in average weekly wage of employees of private businesses in Michigan grew slower than the national average of 3.8%.


Leading Sectors

Businesses by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Retail trade with 13.1% of the businesses in the state. The number of businesses in this sector increased by 7.4%. Other services (12.3%), which increased by 5.5% and Professional services (11.1%), which increased by 6.3%, round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Business Change %
SectorChange Biz% Change
Information95815.5%
Company management16613.0%
Transport and warehousing83512.8%
Educational services2598.5%
Retail trade2,3577.4%
Construction1,3216.6%
Mining and oil extraction266.5%
Manufacturing1,0246.4%
Agriculture and forestry1826.3%
Accommodation and food services1,1596.3%
Professional services1,7316.3%
Real estate and rental4586.2%
Other services1,6975.5%
Utilities225.2%
Arts and entertainment1744.9%
Waste services3492.6%
Healthcare3881.8%
Finance and insurance1381.2%
Wholesale trade880.7%


Employees by Sector

The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Manufacturing with 14.4% of the employees in the state, had an increase in employees of 0.3% in the last year. Healthcare (13.6%), increased by 0.3% and Retail trade (10.6%), decreased by 1.3%, round out the top 3 sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Qtly Employee Change %
SectorEmployee Change% Change
Transport and warehousing9,9778.1%
Company management2,1373.2%
Finance and insurance3,2432.2%
Real estate and rental1,1632.1%
Construction2,7661.6%
Utilities2781.4%
Mining and oil extraction380.7%
Accommodation and food services2,5980.7%
Arts and entertainment2410.6%
Professional services1,5890.5%
Other services4650.3%
Healthcare1,7810.3%
Manufacturing1,6400.3%
Wholesale trade-413-0.3%
Educational services-282-0.4%
Retail trade-6,182-1.3%
Agriculture and forestry-578-1.8%
Information-1,048-1.9%
Waste services-7,745-2.6%


Average Weekly Wage by Sector

The sector that pays their employees the highest is Utilities paying $2,204per week compared with the state average of $1,009. Weekly wages in this sector rose by $38 or 1.8%. Company management ($2,194), rose by $47 or 2.2% and Professional services ($1,631) increased by $33 or 2.1% round out the 3 largest sectors.

Table: Sectors by Year-over-Year Weekly Wage Change %
SectorWage ChangeChange %
Finance and insurance$987.0%
Information$624.6%
Accommodation and food services$133.7%
Real estate and rental$323.6%
Other services$193.0%
Retail trade$172.9%
Company management$472.2%
Healthcare$202.1%
Agriculture and forestry$132.1%
Professional services$332.1%
Waste services$142.0%
Arts and entertainment$111.9%
Utilities$381.8%
Wholesale trade$261.8%
Construction$171.5%
Manufacturing$191.5%
Mining and oil extraction$181.2%
Educational services$50.7%
Transport and warehousing$60.6%


Leading Industries

Businesses by Industry

Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Michigan. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places with 5.5% of the businesses in the state (with 14,395 employing 298,339 workers). The Restaurants and other eating places industry had 879 more businesses, an increase of 6.5% in the last year. Private households (5.0% of businesses) added 977 businesses, an increase of 8.1% and Residential building construction (2.3% of businesses) added 566 businesses, an increase of 10.3% round out the 3 industries with the most businesses.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change %
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Tobacco manufacturing13162.5%
Record production and distribution1071.4%
Trusts estates and agency accounts3170.5%
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing360.0%
Securities and commodity exchanges457.1%
Electric lamp bulb and part manufacturing250.0%
Distilleries1648.5%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Business Change #
IndustryBusiness Chg% Change
Private households9778.1%
Restaurants and other eating places8796.5%
All other professional and technical services84522.6%
Residential building construction56610.3%
All other specialty trade contractors51335.6%
All other miscellaneous store retailers45920.1%
All other information services38220.6%


Employees by Industry

Private households (5.0% of employees) added 977 employees, an increase of 8.1% and Residential building construction (2.3% ofemployees) added 566 employees, an increase of 10.3% round out the 3 industries with the most employees.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change %
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
Scenic and sightseeing transportation other667.2%
Forest nursery and gathering forest products6560.1%
Inland water transportation1760.0%
Natural gas extraction6454.9%
Miscellaneous intermediation25154.1%
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing1453.8%
Electric lamp bulb and part manufacturing351.6%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Employee Change #
IndustryEmp Chg% Change
General warehousing and storage4,90133.5%
Restaurants and other eating places2,8161.0%
Direct life and health insurance carriers2,52718.6%
Management of companies and enterprises2,1373.2%
Management consulting services1,6876.4%
Engineering services1,6042.9%
Nursing care facilities skilled nursing1,3403.1%


Average Weekly Wage by Industry

The industry that pays their employees the most is Casinos except casino hotels, paying $5,014 compared with the state average of $1,009. Employees in the Casinos except casino hotels industry were paid $0 more per week, an increase of 0.0% in the last year. Investment banking and securities dealing ($3,665) and Spectator sports ($3,535) round out the top 3 industries. Employees in the Investment banking and securities dealing ($3,665 per week) were paid $44 less per week, a decline of 1.2% and Spectator sports ($3,535 per week) were paid $62 more per week, an increase of 1.8% round out the 3 industries that pay their employees the most.

Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change %
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing$1,256146.7%
Monetary authorities - central bank$93793.1%
Leather and hide tanning and finishing$41365.1%
Securities and commodity exchanges$25344.9%
Other performing arts companies$11339.6%
Direct life and health insurance carriers$48133.6%
Dance companies$8229.8%


Table: Top 7 Industries by Wage Change $
IndustryWkly Chg% Change
Railroad rolling stock manufacturing$1,256146.7%
Monetary authorities - central bank$93793.1%
Other insurance funds$52625.2%
Direct life and health insurance carriers$48133.6%
Footwear merchant wholesalers$44528.6%
Leather and hide tanning and finishing$41365.1%
Magnetic media manufacturing and reproducing$38728.4%


Company Size

Michigan Businesses by Size

The solopreneur company, has the most businesses in Michigan by far. 60.0% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 229,695 small businesses in the state represent 94.8% of all private businesses. The national average is 92.4%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) Michigan added 4,551 businesses in the last year, an increase of 1.9% as compared to the national average of 3.0%.

Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 4,519 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 2.0% as compared to the national average of 3.1%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. These mid-sized businesses added 50 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 0.4% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. These large businesses declined 18 businesses in the last year, which is a decrease of 2.8% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.



Michigan Employees by Business Size

Michigan added 104,109 employees in the last year, an increase of 2.9% as compared to the national average of 5.2%. Small businesses are defined as companies with fewer than 50 employees. These small businesses added 56,920 businesses in the last year, which is an increase of 32.9% as compared to the national average of 4.2%.

Mid-sized businesses are defined as companies with between 50 and 499 employees. Mid-sized businesses added 44,143 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 3.1% as compared to the national average of 4.7%.

Large businesses are defined as companies with more than 500 employees. Large businesses added 3,046 employees in the last year, which is an increase of 0.4% as compared to the national average of 9.2%.

Michigan Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size

Michigan workers in every size business are paid less than the national average. The smallest companies in Michigan (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 3.8% less than the national average ($968 per week as compared to the national average of $1,005 per week). The largest companies in Michigan (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 25.5% workers below the national average ($1,524 per week as compared to the national average of $1,913 per week).

Average weekly wages in small businesses added $71 per week in the last year, which is an increase of 2.1% as compared to the national average of 3.1%. Employees of mid-sized businesses lost $19 in wages per week in the last year, which is a decrease of 0.6% as compared to the national average of 1.3%.

Employees of large businesses added $-27 of weekly wages in the last year, which is an increase of -0.9% as compared to the national average of 2.1%.

Top Industries for Business and Employment

The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by number of businesses:

Table: Top 10 Industries by # of Businesses
Industry# Businesses% Change
Restaurants and other eating places14,3956.5%
Private households13,0728.1%
Residential building construction6,04010.3%
Computer systems design and related services4,8447.1%
Offices of physicians4,7060.3%
All other professional and technical services4,58722.6%
Offices of lawyers4,1140.5%
Insurance agencies and brokerages3,9040.3%
Offices of dentists3,695-1.2%
Accounting and bookkeeping services3,6520.5%


The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by number of employees:

Table: Top 10 Industries by # of Employees
Industry# Employees% Change
Restaurants and other eating places298,3391.0%
General medical and surgical hospitals200,348-0.7%
Temporary help services112,094-4.7%
General merchandise stores including warehouse clubs and supercenters76,811-0.9%
Offices of physicians73,3360.1%
Management of companies and enterprises70,0733.2%
Engineering services57,6612.9%
Supermarkets and other grocery stores53,988-1.4%
Computer systems design and related services49,350-2.4%
Nursing care facilities skilled nursing44,1363.1%


The table below illustrates the largest industries in the state, by highest wages:

Table: Top 10 Industries by Weekly Wage
IndustryWkly Wages% Change
Casinos except casino hotels$5,0140.0%
Investment banking and securities dealing$3,665-1.2%
Spectator sports$3,5351.8%
Coal and other mineral merchant wholesalers$2,924-21.2%
Internet publishing and web search portals$2,7523.2%
Securities brokerage$2,724-7.6%
Other electronic parts merchant wholesalers$2,6431.3%
Credit card issuing$2,6301.3%
Other insurance funds$2,61125.2%
Computer and software merchant wholesalers$2,5745.4%




Data Sources




About the Writer

This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.