Pennsylvania Employment Statistics
88.5% of employees work for a private company, this is 3.3% greater than the national average of 85.2%. Local government agencies employ 7.6% of the workers in the state, state government agencies employ 2.2% of the workers and the federal government employs 1.7%. The percentage of employees working for a government agency (11.5%) is 3.3% lower than the national average. The chart below illustrates the breakout of employees by type of employer.
- 356,592 employers
- 5,867,276 employees
- $1,070 average weekly wage
- The average weekly wage is 2.8% below the national average
- The cost of living is 1.4% below the national average
Types of Employers (Private Sector vs Government Agency)
As an employer in Pennsylvania, you are most likely to be running a private company rather than a government agency. 96.3% of employers run private companies in the state, 0.7% less than the national average of 97.0. The remaining 3.7% of employers are government agencies: 0.8% work in a federal agency, 0.4% work for the state and 2.6% work for local government. The chart below illustrates the breakout of employers by type.
The average weekly wage in Pennsylvania is $1,070 per week, which is 2.8% greater than the national average of $1,101 per week. Pennsylvania workers that are employed by private businesses earn $1,063 per week, 3.4% lower than the national average for private company employees. Employees of federal government agencies in Pennsylvania earn $1,480 per week, a premium of 39.2% compared to what employees of private companies earn. The chart below illustrates the average weekly by type of employer.
Businesses by SectorThe sector with the greatest number of businesses in the state is Healthcare with 14.9% of the businesses in the state. Retail trade (11.6%) and Professional services (11.5%) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Sectors by # of Businesses
|Sector||# Businesses||% of Bus.|
|Accommodation and food services||28,402||8.0%|
|Finance and insurance||18,236||5.1%|
|Real estate and rental||10,648||3.0%|
|Transport and warehousing||9,419||2.6%|
|Arts and entertainment||5,129||1.4%|
|Agriculture and forestry||2,294||0.6%|
|Mining and oil extraction||1,300||0.4%|
Employees by Sector
The sector with the greatest number of employees in the state is Healthcare
with 17.5% of the employees in the state. Retail trade
(10.6%) and Manufacturing
(9.7%) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Sectors by # of Employees
|Sector||# Employees||% of Emp'|
|Accommodation and food services||473,742||8.1%|
|Finance and insurance||260,265||4.4%|
|Transport and warehousing||256,543||4.4%|
|Arts and entertainment||97,943||1.7%|
|Real estate and rental||64,866||1.1%|
|Mining and oil extraction||27,957||0.5%|
|Agriculture and forestry||24,557||0.4%|
Average Weekly Wage by Sector
The sector that pays their employees the highest is Company management
paying $2,487per week compared with the state average of $1,063. Utilities
($2,292) and Finance and insurance
($1,841) round out the top 3 sectors.
Table: Wages by Sector
|Sector||Wkly Wage||vs St Avg.|
|Finance and insurance||$1,841||173.2%|
|Mining and oil extraction||$1,663||156.4%|
|Real estate and rental||$1,173||110.3%|
|Transport and warehousing||$899||84.6%|
|Agriculture and forestry||$695||65.4%|
|Arts and entertainment||$626||58.9%|
|Accommodation and food services||$360||33.9%|
Businesses by Industry
Each broad sector is made up of specific industries. In Pennsylvania. the industry with the most businesses is Restaurants and other eating places
with 6.0% of the businesses in the state (with 21,393 employing 355,702 workers). Services for the elderly and disabled
(5.0%) and Wholesale trade agents and brokers
(3.4%) round out the top 3 industries. The Top 10 Industries in the state are:
|Restaurants and other eating places||21,393||16.6|
|Services for the elderly and disabled||17,782||6.3|
|Wholesale trade agents and brokers||12,143||3.6|
|Computer systems design and related services||9,060||7.8|
|Offices of physicians||7,732||15.2|
|Residential building construction||7,362||3.9|
|Hair nail and skin care services||6,285||5.5|
|Management consulting services||6,271||6.6|
|Offices of lawyers||5,734||7.7|
|Insurance agencies and brokerages||4,992||5.7|
Employees by Industry
The industry with the greatest number of employees in the state is Restaurants and other eating places
with 6.1% of the businesses in the state. The industry employs 355,702 in 21,393 businesses, there are 16.6 employees on average in each of these businesses. General medical and surgical hospitals
(4.1%) and Management of companies and enterprises
(2.3%) round out the top 3 industries.
Table: Industries by # of Employees
|Restaurants and other eating places||355,702||16.6|
|General medical and surgical hospitals||240,731||1,069.9|
|Management of companies and enterprises||136,838||29.9|
|Offices of physicians||117,859||15.2|
|Colleges and universities||116,044||342.3|
|Supermarkets and other grocery stores||114,179||46.1|
|Temporary help services||113,492||46.6|
|Services for the elderly and disabled||111,618||6.3|
|General warehousing and storage||81,531||105.1|
|Nursing care facilities skilled nursing||72,742||112.1|
Average Weekly Wage by Industry
The industry that pays their employees the most is Miscellaneous intermediation
, paying $4,118 compared with the state average of $1,063. Investment banking and securities dealing
($4,117) and Securities brokerage
($3,788) round out the top 3 industries.
Table: Wages by Industry
|Industry||Wkly Wage||% of Avg|
|Investment banking and securities dealing||$4,117||387.3|
|Securities and commodity exchanges||$3,497||329.0|
|Internet publishing and web search portals||$2,962||278.6|
|Electric power generation||$2,776||261.1|
Pennsylvania Businesses by Size
company, has the most businesses in Pennsylvania by far. 56.2% of all businesses in the state have fewer than 5 employees. The 326,992 small businesses in the state represent 94.8% of all private businesses. The national average is 92.6%. (Small businesses have fewer than 50 employees, Solopreneurs employ fewer than 5.) The pie chart below illustrates the ratio of business sizes.
Pennsylvania Employees by Business Size
The largest companies in the state represent 154.0% of all employees, which is 15.6% higher than the national average of 138.4%. Interestingly, the smallest companies in the state employ a higher percentage than the largest companies, this is not typical. The solopreneur (those that employ fewer than 5) companies employ 94.7% of all workers, which is 3.2% higher than the national average of 91.5%. All small companies, those employing fewer than 50 people, represent 636.1% of the labor force in the state, 86.1% more than the national average of 550.0%.
Pennsylvania Avg Weekly Wages by Business Size
The smallest companies in Pennsylvania (those with fewer than 5 employees) pay workers 0.5% more than the national average ($980 per week as compared to the national average of $975 per week). The largest companies in Pennsylvania (those with more than 1,000 employees) pay 13.2% workers below the national average ($1,663 per week as compared to the national average of $1,882 per week).
About the Writer
This page was created and is maintained by Kurt Tietjen, Founder of Stavera, High Peak Media & HomeGearWorks.com. Kurt is an executive, data scientist and software engineer who holds an MBA in Management Information Systems. In 2010, he partnered with scientists at Northwestern University to launch The Street Wire. This was one of the first mainstream uses of what would become “Narrative Science”, an artificial intelligence platform specializing in natural language generation. You can contact Kurt on LinkedIn here.